Festschrifts

Two main compilations have been published that are aimed at honoring and advancing RDA’s thought and work: a 2005 special issue of Evolution and Human Behavior, and a 2013 volume entitled Human Social Evolution edited by Kyle Summers and Bernard Crespi.

Special Issue of Evolution & Human Behavior

In 2005 the journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society released its largest issue to date, a collection of papers by students and friends of RDA on aspects of their own research that were inspired by his ideas. Introducing the issue is an overview by William Irons on the ways in which RDA was advancing our understanding of the evolution of human behavior and psychology. Below are the contents of that issue, each article of which can be downloaded by clicking on the reference.

Irons, W. 2005. How has evolution shaped human behavior? Richard Alexander’s contribution to an important question. Evolution and Human Behavior 26: 1-9.

Flinn, M. V., Geary, D. C. & Ward, C. V. 2005. Ecological dominance, social competition, and coalitionary arms races: Why humans evolved extraordinary intelligence. Evolution and Human Behavior 26: 10-46.

Lahti, D. C. & Weinstein, B. S. 2005. The better angels of our nature: group stability and the evolution of moral tension. Evolution and Human Behavior 26: 47-63.

Low, B. S. 2005. Women’s lives there, here, then, now: a review of women’s ecological and demographic constraints cross-culturally. Evolution and Human Behavior 26: 64-87.

Nesse, R. M. 2005. Natural selection and the regulation of defenses – A signal detection analysis of the smoke detector principle. Evolution and Human Behavior 26: 88-105.

Summers, K. 2005. The evolutionary ecology of despotism. Evolution and Human Behavior 26: 106-135.

Summers & Crespi volume: Human Social Evolution: The Foundational Works of Richard D. Alexander

In 2013, biologists Kyle Summers (East Carolina University) and Bernard Crespi (Simon Fraser University), both of them erstwhile students and longtime friends of RDA, published an ingenious collection.  Fifteen topics on which RDA made important contributions (4 of which lay the foundations for an understanding of human social evolution and 11 of which deal explicitly with it), are each represented by one classic RDA paper or lengthy excerpt.  As RDA had a penchant for publishing ideas opportunistically without much thought to how easily people might access them, such a compendium is valuable just for its own sake. But what makes this volume amazing is that Summers and Crespi assembled colleagues and former students of RDA who have professional interests in these same areas. Each of these scientists has contributed a chapter designed to be paired with one of those RDA pieces. In these introductions or companion pieces, the authors describe the contemporary state of the field in the light of RDA’s work, drawing clear lines between his ideas and the important questions of today’s science.

This book can be purchased from Amazon (here), and from Oxford University Press (here).

Table of Contents:

Introduction – Kyle Summers and Bernard Crespi

Part I – General Foundations

Chapter 1: Insect Behavior & Evolution
Introduction by Mary Jane West-Eberhard, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
Excerpt from Alexander, R. D. 1969. Comparative animal behavior and systematics. In: Systematic Biology. Proceedings of the International Conference on Systematics (Ann Arbor, Michigan, July 1967). National Academy of Sciences Publication 1962: 494-517.

Chapter 2: Cooperation
Introduction by Steven Frank, University of California at Irvine.
Excerpt from: Alexander, R.D. 1986. The Biology of Moral Systems. New York, Aldine Press.

Chapter 3: Eusociality in Naked Mole Rats
Introduction by Paul Sherman, Cornell University.
Excerpt from Alexander, R.D., Noonan, K.M. and Crespi, B.J. 1991. The Evolution of Eusociality. In P. Sherman, J. Jarvis and R.D. Alexander (eds). The Biology of the Naked Mole Rat: 3-44. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Chapter 4: Parent-offspring Conflict and Manipulation
Introduction by David Queller, Washington University.
Excerpt from Alexander, R.D. 1974. The evolution of social behavior. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 5:325-383.

Part II – Human Social Evolution

Chapter 5: Biology and Culture
Introduction by Mark Flinn, University of Missouri
Excerpt from Alexander, R.D. Evolution and culture. In Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior: an Anthropological Perspective. N. Chagnon and W.G. Irons (eds). Pp 59-78. North Scituate, MA: Duxbury Press.

Chapter 6: Intergroup Competition and Within-group Cooperation
Introduction by Bobbi Low, University of Michigan.
Excerpt from Alexander, R.D. and Tinkle, D.W. 1968. Review of On Aggression by Konrad Lorenz and The Territorial Imperative by Robert Ardrey. Bioscience 18: 245-248.

Chapter 7: Kinship, Parental Care, and Human Societies
Introduction by Beverly Strassmann, University of Michigan.
Excerpt from Alexander, R.D. and Noonan, K.M. 1979. Concealment of Ovulation, parental care, and human social evolution. In N.A. Chagnon and W.G. Irons (eds). Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior: An Anthropological Perspective. 436-453. North Scituate, MA: Duxbury Press.

Chapter 8: Human Childhood
Introduction by Paul Turke, University of Michigan.
Altriciality: Why are human babies helpless? In Alexander, R.D. 1990. How Did Humans Evolve? Reflections on a Uniquely Unique Species. Univ. Mich. Zool. Special
Publication 1: 1-38.

Chapter 9: Indirect Reciprocity
Introduction by Karl Sigmund, University of Vienna.
Excerpt from Alexander, R.D. 1986. The Biology of Moral Systems. New York, Aldine Press.

Chapter 10: The Evolution of Intelligence
Introduction by Robin Dunbar, Oxford University.
Alexander, R.D. Evolution of the Human Psyche 1989. In P. Mellars and C. Stringer (eds). The Human Revolution. Behavioral and Biological Perspectives on the Origins of Modern Humans: pp. 455-513. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Chapter 11: Evolution of Morality
Introduction by David Lahti, City University of New York.
Alexander, R.D. Biology and the Moral Paradoxes. Journal of Biological Structures 5:389-395.

Chapter 12: Evolution and Humor
Introduction by Stanton Braude, Washington University.
Alexander, R.D. Ostracism and Indirect Reciprocity: The Reproductive Significance of Humor. 1986. Ethology and Sociobiology 7: 253-270.

Chapter 13: Ecological Constraints and Human Cooperation
Introduction by Laura Betzig, University of Michigan.
Excerpt from Alexander, R.D., Noonan, K.M. and Crespi, B.J. 1991. The Evolution of Eusociality. In P. Sherman, J. Jarvis and R.D. Alexander (eds). The Biology of the Naked Mole Rat: pp. 3-44. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Chapter 14: Evolution and Religion
Introduction by William Irons, Northwestern University.
Religion, Evolution and the Quest for Global Harmony – Original essay by RDA for this volume.

Chapter 15: Evolution and the Arts
Introduction by Kyle Summers, East Carolina University & Bernard Crespi, Simon Fraser University.
Excerpt from Alexander, R.D. 2003. Evolutionary Selection and the Nature of Humanity. Chapter 15. In: V. Hosle and Ch. Illies (eds). Darwinism and Philosophy. University of Notre Dame Press.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email